Case Study. AfterWords - Intelligent Customer Engagement
Aug 1, 2018
AfterWords is an intelligent customer engagement and survey system that delivers users transactional history and customer feedback to create actionable data to improve operations, sales and profitability.
www.surveyafterwords.com is a growing project, which is mostly targeted at big restaurant chains and allows to produce surveys tied to a check-level customer data.
For a database engine which powers all the reporting in our project, we chose ClickHouse and so far, we are very pleased. ClickHouse works like a Swiss watch, scales up and out perfectly, and has many unique features which add so much more appeal to it.
Instead of repeating other people about speed and scalability of ClickHouse (so much said about it), I am going to describe a few of those special ClickHouse features and illustrate why they are so useful for us. I would prefer not to repeat what other people said already, like “Our ClickHouse cluster can ingest 100M records in few seconds”, it is true but not much informative since many other people already wrote about it.
Though, “100M records in a few seconds” sounds like fairies singing for database-inclined guys like me. 😊.
Ok, back to ClickHouse features we liked most, aside from the speed and scalability.
There are many good use cases for nested structures, but I’ll describe just one.
Many-to-many relationships and their most frequent example in our data domain - so-called “check basket” problem. In essence, the question you ask your DBMS is like:
- “how many sales checks I have, where beer was sold together with fish?”
- or “how many checks I have, where there are a beer and steak sold and there is no fish?”
- or “how many surveys I have, where customer gave answer X together with Answer Y but without Answer Z?”.
In RDBMS world, answering such questions means expensive joins because pre-aggregating data for not known in advance questions is not feasible. In OLAP world, there are some solutions for many-to-many relationships, but they are slow and complex, and this is the problem, because, of course, the Marketing Department would want their reports to show summaries by region, by year and aggregated for thousands of stores. And within a second or two.
With ClickHouse Nested arrays, it is possible to put any number (there are some limits, but they are large enough) of child rows into one master row, so there is no need for those expensive joins I mentioned above. Surely, there are other SQL-like DBMS engines which support nested arrays, but none of them scales like ClickHouse, none of them is fast and free like ClickHouse. Functions like
arrayCount, arraySum, hasAll, hasAny allow us to easily answer any “check basket” type of question with exemplary speed.
2. External data for query processing.
The ability to send multiple temporary tables together with Select statement in one roundtrip is a very convenient feature. We found that sometimes it is easier to send a few temp tables (to filter and group the results) together with query, instead of spending much development time on maintaining master tables or dictionaries for ClickHouse. Amazingly, the query like
select count() from MyTable where StoreID in storelist and ItemID in itemlist
sent together with two tables, 100K rows for storelist and 1M rows for itemlist, finished in similar few milliseconds as a regular query sent without temp tables, so the overhead of sending temp tables together with a select query seems to be very small.
Amazing, right? 😊
3.ClickHouse in the cloud.
It was relatively easy to write deployment script which creates ClickHouse cluster of any size completely ready to use. Our script has parameters like: number of Clickhouse nodes, number of Zookeeper nodes, size of each node, size of disk for each node, etc. The script creates all the cloud environment like IP addresses, load balancers, nets, subnets, nodes, it installs ClickHouse and Zookeeper on those nodes, creates ClickHouse config files with cluster configuration inside, creates Zookeeper config files, configures SSL certificates, etc.
In a single click, we can create ready to use ClickHouse cluster of any size in the cloud, ClickHouse is very easy to configure and administrate.
As a final note, I would like to express our big gratitude to guys who created and continue to create ClickHouse. It is amazing software, with so many unique features, easy to use, fast and scalable like nothing else.