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Handling Variable Time Series Efficiently in ClickHouse

May 23, 2019

ClickHouse offers incredible flexibility to solve almost any business problem in a multiple of ways. Schema design plays a major role in this. For our recent benchmarking using the Time Series Benchmark Suite (TSBS) we replicated TimescaleDB schema in order to have fair comparisons. In that design every metric is stored in a separate column. This is the best for ClickHouse from a performance perspective, as it perfectly utilizes column store and type specialization.

Sometimes, however, schema is not known in advance, or time series data from multiple device types needs to be stored in the same table. Having a separate column per metric may be not very convenient, hence a different approach is required. In this article we discuss multiple ways to design schema for time series, and do some benchmarking to validate each approach.

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